Category Archives: Raspberry Pi

How to Set Up a Raspberry Pi Web Server

This tutorial aims to host a simple web server on a Raspberry Pi. This produces a very lightweight web server and works well to host a microservice or to test a website without deploying a full web server on the cloud. We will use Docker on Raspbian OS and spin up an Apache 2.4 container from Docker Hub.


The only prerequisite to following this guide is that you have SSH connection enabled, Raspberry Pi 1, 2, 3, 4 or Pi Zero W with a running Raspbian OS.

Installing Docker to the Raspberry Pi

Step 1: Update and Upgrade

Before installing Docker we need to make sure that the Raspberry Pi is running the latest software.

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

Step 2: Download the Script to Install Docker on Raspberry Pi

downloading and running the script is very easy just copy and paste the command in the terminal:

curl -fsSL -o

To execute the installation script enter this command:

sudo sh

Now you have to wait for the script will install all the required packages in Raspberry Pi.

Step 3: Add a Non-Root User to the Docker Group

By default, only root users can run the docker containers. If you are not logged in as the root you will need to use the sudo prefix every time and it’s not recommended. We can easily skip by adding the non-root user to the Docker group here is how to do that:

sudo usermod -aG docker [user_name]

To add the Pi user (the default user in Raspberry Pi OS), use the command:

sudo usermod -aG docker pi

Setting up Apache on Raspberry Pi

One of the best things about the Docker ecosystem is that there are tens of standard docker containers that you can easily download and use.

In this article, we will instantiate an Apache 2.4 container named raspberry-pi-web-server, detached from the current terminal. We will use an image called httpd:2.4 from Docker Hub.

Our plan is to have requests made to raspberry pi’s local IP address on port 8080 be redirected to port 80 on the container. Also, instead of serving content from the container itself, we will serve a simple web page from /home/user/website.

We will do this by mapping /home/user/website/ on the /usr/local/apache2/htdocs/ on the container. Note that you will need to use sudo or login as root to proceed, and do not omit the forward slashes at the end of each directory.

# sudo docker run -dit --name raspberry-pi-web-server -p 8080:80 -v /home/user/website/:/usr/local/apache2/htdocs/ httpd:2.4

At this point, our Apache container should be up and running.

$ sudo docker ps

Now let’s create a simple web page named raspberry-pi-web-server.html inside the /home/user/website directory.

# vi /home/user/website/raspberry-pi-web-server.html

Add the following sample HTML content to the file.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Raspberry Pi Web Server</title>
    <h1>Learn Docker</h1>   

Next, point your browser to Server-IP:8080/raspberry-pi-web-server.html (where Server-IP is your Raspberry Pi IP address).

If you wish, you can now stop the container.

$ sudo docker stop raspberry-pi-web-server

and remove it:

$ sudo docker rm raspberry-pi-web-server

To finish cleaning up, you may want to delete the image that was used in the container (omit this step if you’re planning on creating other Apache 2.4 containers soon).

$ sudo docker image remove httpd:2.4


In this article, we explained how to Set Up a Raspberry Pi Web Server using docker.

Raspberry Pi as Dashboard Controller

Raspberry Pi is a useful embedded computer that can be used for many things including powering informational dashboards.  There are several ways to achieve this with varying complexity however In this tutorial, we will show how to utilise a Raspberry Pi as a Dashboard Controller in a simple straight forward manner.  We are using a Pi 4 revision B however the below has been tested on Pi 3b revisions.

The Pi needs to be configured properly in order to satisfy the following needs:

  • The screen should be fully filled with the view
  • After booting, the predefined screen should be loaded automatically
  • The screen should not sleep after some period of time
  • The mouse cursor should not be visible in the screen
  • Menus and the taskbar should not be visible
  • After an unclean reboot (i.e. after power outage), there should be no browser warning about the unclean shutdown
  • It should be possible to connect to the device remotely to reload or change the view

What you need

  • RaspberryPi
  • 8GB microSD card (preferably with microSD -> SD adapter)
  • (preferably) RaspberryPi case
  • DC charger with 5V output of 2 Amperes and with USB C jack (very common nowadays, as it is used for charging smartphones and tablets).
  • USB keyboard for configuration. A mouse is not necessary

Step 1 – Update your Raspberry Pi

Once you have setup the Raspberry Pi  and are presented with a desktop screen we need to update the device  The following commands are to be run in a Terminal:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade -y && sudo reboot

Its also a good idea to update the firmware on your Pi:

sudo rpi-update

Once the firmware is updated reboot the device for the next step.

Step 2 – Disable screen timeout

To prevent the screen going blank you need to disable screen timeout.  In the latest versions of RaspbianOS, this is now an option that can be set in the GUI.

Click Start>Preferences>Raspberry Pi Configuration and select the Display tab:

From here, disable Screen Blanking and click ok.  now reboot your Pi again.

Step 3 – Install Unclutter

Unclutter is a tool to disable the mouse being viable when there is no input.  Simply install with the following command in Terminal:

sudo apt-get install unclutter

Step 4 – Create Autostart for Chromium Browser with LXDE

Create two files in /home/pi/.config/lxsession/LXDE-pi – autostart and desktop.conf this can either be by using nano or creating via a ssh tool like WinSCP.

Add the below to autostart and save the file.  You can place the URL of your dashboard after the –incognito flag:

@lxpanel --profile LXDE-pi
@pcmanfm --desktop --profile LXDE-pi
# @xscreensaver -no-splash

@xset s off
@xset -dpms
@xset s noblank

@chromium-browser --noerrdialogs --kiosk --disable-infobars --incognito http://URL-GOES-HERE

Add the contents of desktop.conf and save the file:


sGtk/FontName=Roboto Light 12






Reboot the Pi and after a few moments the display should now show the URL dashboard you enetered in autostart.

To rotate more than one dashboard page

The easiest way to achieve this is by installing Revolver – Tabs from the chrome webstore. this can be done by closing down the dashboard instance of Chromium by pressing CFRL-F4 then opening the Chromium Browser from START>Internet>Chromium Browser and clicking the link above.

You’ll need to change settigns within Revolver Tabs, notably rotation time in seconds, auto start and optionally reload.  If you have Reload enabled, you can prevent tabs reloading by specifying their URL’s.  Remember to click save.

As we loaded Chromium in Incognito, you need to enable Revolver Tabs for incognito mode is Google chromium extensions settings.

Once setup second and subsequent URLs you have entered in autostart will automatically rotate.  subsequent URLs can be added with a space in between them:

@chromium-browser --noerrdialogs --kiosk --disable-infobars --incognito http://URL-1 http://URL-2 http://url-3










Raspberry Pi Disable Bluetooth

The steps below shows how to disable on-board Bluetooth and related services. Those steps also disable loading the related kernel modules such as bluetooth, hci_uart, btbcm, etc at boot.

1 Open /boot/config.txt file.

sudo nano /boot/config.txt

2 Add below, save and close the file.

# Disable Bluetooth

3 Disable related services.

sudo systemctl disable hciuart.service
sudo systemctl disable bluealsa.service
sudo systemctl disable bluetooth.service

4 Reboot to apply the changes

sudo reboot

Even after disabling on-board Bluetooth and related services, Bluetooth will be available when a Bluetooth adapter (e.g. Plugable Bluetooth Adapter) is plugged in.

Disable Bluetooth completely

If Bluetooth is not required at all, uninstall Bluetooth stack. It makes Bluetooth unavailable even if external Bluetooth adapter is plugged in.

1 Uninstall BlueZ and related packages:

sudo apt-get purge bluez -y
sudo apt-get autoremove -y

Uninstalling Bluetooth stack also disabling related services, and loading related kernel modules.

Raspberry Pi WinSCP as Root

By default the stfp-server of a Raspberry Pi is located at: /usr/lib/sftp-server, so we need to get WinSCP to execute it with sudo.

  • Go to your WinSCP profile (Session > Sites > Site Manager)
  • Click on Edit > Advanced… > Environment > SFTP
  • Insert sudo su -c /usr/lib/sftp-server at “SFTP Server”
  • Save and connect